Halotherapy a Natural Remedy For Treatment of Respiratory, Dermatology and Cosmetology Problems

Halotherapy or salt therapy uses dry aerosol of salt micro particles and minerals to treat respiratory and dermatological ailments and replicates conditions of treatment that has been practiced in European salt mines since early 19th century. It is a physical, non invasive, drug free and safe therapy.

It can be used as a complementary treatment to prescribed medications or as a sole treatment. When Halotherapy is used as a complementary treatment, it can increase the effectiveness of prescribed medications, and decrease their amount.

Very important factor in the effectiveness of Halotherapy is negative ionization of dry salt aerosol micro particles. Negative ions are very beneficial for humans. In certain hills and mountain areas nature produces high concentration of negative ions. In part this is because in the mountains there is less dust in the air to consume the negative ions. Throughout history mankind has gone to hilly areas to rest and recuperate, particularly from respiratory diseases.

The energy in moving waters also generates a lot of negative ions. As a waterfall is tumbling over rocks or waves are crushing on the seashore, the positive charge remains in the larger drops and the negative charge flies free with the fine spray, forming negative ions. At waterfalls everybody swimming and breathing in the mist usually laughs and talks loudly, and that is because they are absorbing Life Force in the form of negative ions and oxygen.

Experiments showed that cilia of the trachea, or windpipes, are stimulated by negative ions and depressed by positive ions. Human cilia are microscopic hairs that maintain whiplike motion while cleaning the air we inhale of dust and pollen and other matter that should not reach the lungs.

Another tests, on athletes subjected to negative ions environment demonstrated considerable improvement in general physical and mental tone, in cheerfulness, energy, appetite, and in the ability to sleep soundly.

In 1966 at a hospital in Jerusalem, doctors performed a series of tests on thirty eight infants between two and twelve months old. All suffered from respiratory problems. The research reported that negative ions without any other treatment seem to cure attacks of asthma and bronchitis more quickly than drugs. They also observed that there were no adverse side effects frequently found when treating such children with drugs.

Halotherapy, Dry Saline Aerosol Therapy has been developed on the basis of Speleotherapy – underground natural healing rock salt chambers.

The beneficial health effects of the microclimate of salt mines have been known for centuries. Even before they were first described in a book published by a Polish physician Feliks Boczkowski in 1843. Since then, the practice of bringing patients with respiratory diseases down to the salt mines for healing spread throughout Europe, and it has become a standard feature of Spa treatment of respiratory diseases.

In the 1980s Eastern European scientists began to build Halotherapy chambers that re-created in clinics and other above ground facilities the microclimate of salt mines. These Halo chambers have floors and walls lined with rock salt. Patients sit in the Halo chamber (salt therapy room) for 45 minutes per session while music and aesthetical, natural environment creates a relaxed mood that promotes healing.

Salt covering of Halotherapy chamber surfaces is performed chiefly to deliver negative ion environment (like water falls, pine forests, ocean and sea shores). Another major reason is to deliver an aesthetic function for stress reduction, which is a powerful psychological effect contributing to healing.

Is it necessary to use Dry Saline Generator (Halogenerator) in a salt therapy room which surfaces are covered with salt? Concentration of 3-5 mg of particles of minerals per cubic meter, with breathable particles of 1-5 micrometers is absolutely necessary for creating right healing Halotherapy environment. This factor has been investigated by experts and is very well known. It has been proven that this concentration of minerals has a critical importance for therapeutic action in the respiratory tract.

It is the dry salt aerosol that protects the air of the underground Speleo-chambers. It keeps it sterile and amicrobic (not caused by or related to microbes). So in order to re-create this microclimate in artificially created Halotherapy chambers all surfaces are covered with salt, and dry saline aerosol is delivered by Halogenerator (Dry Salt Aerosol Generator).

Dry Saline Generators are certified as medical devices in European countries, and are in use throughout Europe, and are starting to spread to North America with increasing intensity.

At the end of the day it all comes back to the old Naturopathic saying: “The closer we are to Nature, the healthier we are. The further away from her we get, the more diseases we have”
– Father Sebastian Kneipp, a famous naturopath (1846).

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Disclaimer:
The information in this article should not be considered medical advice. The information in this article is not meant to treat, diagnose, prescribe or cure any ailment. Always consult with your physician before taking any products or following any advice you have read in this article.

Clinical Feature of Respiratory Failure-Hypoxia and Hypercapnia

The clinical features of respiratory failures are hypoxia and hypercapnia. The manifestations of hypoxia and hypercapnia vary from each other.

Manifestations of hypoxia
Hypoxia is more harmful to tissues than hypercapnia. Vital organs such as the brain, heart, liver and kidney and the pulmonary vessels are adversely affected. Neurological symptoms include headache, irritability, insomnia, drowsiness, mental confusion, and coma. Objective evidence of cerebral dysfunction can be demonstrated by the electroencephalogram. If hypoxia is severe, fatty change, tissue necrosis, and focal hemorrhages develop in the myocardium. Cardiac arrhythmias are precipitated. Constriction of pulmonary arteries leads to pulmonary hypertension and this may precipitate right-sided heart failure. Liver cells become edematous and necrosed. In chronic hypoxia the liver shows fatty change and fibrosis. Severe hypoxia may give rise to renal tubular damage. Secondary polycythemia develops in chronic hypoxia states.

Manifestations of hypercapnia
In the initial stages hypercapnia stimulates the respiratory centre and the resultant hyperventilation helps to lower the PaCO2 to normal levels. In established hypercapnia the respiratory centre becomes insensitive to raised PaCO2. In such cases the stimulus for the respiratory centre is hypoxia. Injudicious administration of oxygen may abolish this hypoxic stimulus and give rise to depression of respiration and carbon-dioxide narcosis results. Hypercapnia causes cerebral vasodilation, headache, and rise in intracranial tension. As a result, papilledema may occur in severe cases. Peripheral vasodilatation develops and this gives rise to warm extremities, flushing and rapid high volume pulse. When PCO2 levels exceed 50mm Hg, drowsiness, confusion, muscle twitching, and flapping tremors develop. The deep tendon reflexes become sluggish and the patient lapses into coma when PCO2 rises above 80 mm Hg.

Management
Acute respiratory failure should be managed as an emergency in an intensive respiratory care unit if facilities are available. Proper monitoring includes the record of heart rate, respiratory rate, blood pressure, temperature, serum electrolytes and blood gas levels. In addition to general supportive care, special attention should be paid to the airways and proper oxygenation.

Maintenance of the airway
Irrespective of the cause, in all cases of respiratory failure, the upper air passages should be fully inspected and foreign bodies and secretions should be removed. In the recumbent comatose patient, the chin should be pulled up to prevent the tongue from falling back and obstructing the pharynx. If the patient cannot expectorate freely, secretions should be aspirated. If the patient can cooperate, removal of secretions should be aided by postural coughing, gentle tapping on the chest, steam inhalations and administration of drugs like bromhexine hydrochloride. Bromhexine hydrochloride can be administered orally in a dose of 8 mg thrice orally. Mucolytic agents can be administered as aerosols, eg, acetylcysteine. Adequate hydration is necessary, since it helps in loosening the secretions for easy expectoration. If bronchospasm is present, it can be relieved by drug-like salbutamol given 2-4 mg Orally or 0.5 mg intramuscularly. Parenteral corticosteroids (betamethasone 4mg) may have to be given if bronchospasm is not relieved by simple measures. Salbutamol and beclomethasone can also be given as metered aerosols.

Antibiotics
Since infection is a very common precipitating factor, antibiotic therapy is indicated. Preliminary assessment of the infecting agents can be made by Gram-staining of the sputum and the suitable antibiotic can be started. In the acute case, crystalline penicillin and in the chronic case a broad-spectrum drug such as ampicillin or chloramphenicol may be required. Antibiotic therapy may have to be reviewed when microbiological results are obtained.

Prescription Drug Abuse – A Serious and Growing Problem

Today, in the United States, prescription drug addiction is an epidemic. Most people in the United States take prescription medication as directed; however, approximately 20 percent of those who use prescription medications do so without a prescription. Prescription drug addiction destroys lives and those suffering from this ailment need help.

Experts are unsure why prescription drug abuse continues to rise. The availability of prescription medications and/or the assumption that they are more acceptable than “street drugs” are some of the reasons for the increase in the abuse. Other reasons for the increase in abuse include online pharmacies, which make it easy to get prescription medications, and the reality that doctors are prescribing more drugs than ever before. No matter the reason, prescription drug addiction kills.

Ahead of methamphetamine, cocaine, ecstasy, heroin and others, prescription medications are the second most commonly abused class of drugs. The most abused include pain relievers or opioids such as Lortab (hydrocodone), Oxycontin (oxycodone), Dilaudid (hydromorphone), and Demerol (meperidine); anxiety medication or central nervous system depressants including barbiturates and benzodiazepines such as Valium (diazepam) and Xanax (alprazolam); and stimulants for ADHD such as Ritalin and Adderall. This abuse presents an exceptional challenge because of the need to balance potential abuse with the legitimate need for the medications.

One of the main “cocktails” used by those who abuse prescription drugs is a mixture of opiods and benzodiazepines. Usually the cocktail consists of Oxycontin and Xanax. This mixture has proven to be a deadly combination. The use of opiods has serious side effects such as respiratory suppression. The effects include acute pulmonary edema, bronchospasm, and aspiration of vomit. Death from opioid overdose is usually due to respiratory failure. Benzodiazepines also adversly effects the respiratory system by inhibiting the neurotransmitters that mediate the control of respiration. When people mix and abuse these medications, they are playing “Russian roulette” with their lives. Both of these medications, used separately and as intended, have legitimate uses. Unfortunately, the illegal use and mixing of opiods and benzodiazepines are part of the growing problem of prescription drug abuse.

Many of those who are suffering from prescription drug addiction will claim that they have a legitimate reason for taking the drug. Unfortunately, no matter the reason, people who suffer from the abuse have a serious drug problem and need help. Prescription drug abuse is a killer and should be treated as a serious problem. Several options are available for helping those addicted to prescription medication. If you know or suspect someone of abusing prescription drugs, seek professional advice to determine the best way to help.