Types and Uses of Nebulizers for Various Respiratory Symptoms

An increase in the number of people with respiratory distress is going up proportionally with the rising levels of pollution across the globe. Problem in the respiratory system, which most people term as problem while breathing, has become common among all of the age groups and ethnicities. However, no one can survive without oxygen for any longer than a few moments and it is essential to relieve people suffering from respiratory distress to prevent long-term damages. A number of techniques and equipment are available for helping people combat respiratory distresses. Among these equipments, the nebulizer is one of the most popular devices for combating respiratory troubles.

The nebulizers are extremely popular as devices for providing essential medications and oxygen to people suffering from asthma, or some other respiratory disorders in the form of a mist. The nebulizers function with the help of a compressor, which converts liquid medication into mist for the inhalation of people suffering from any of the several congestive respiratory syndromes. Patients with congested airways can inhale the essential medications in the mist form to a much greater degree compared to their original form. This device is extremely effective in providing relief to children, senior people, and patients with severe cases of asthma who might be unable to inhale through a standard inhaler.

The nebulizers that are available on the market come in primarily two different types. The first of these two types is the jet nebulizer, which uses compressed air in the form of aerosols to deliver various medications. They contain a compressor that then pushes in a stream of minute droplets in jet motion inside the airway of the users. These are the nebulizers of choice for the medications consisting of drug particles in a liquid suspension. Another name for jet nebulizers is the atomizer and they are extremely common in the hospital setting. The pressure generated by the compressor, expressed pound per square inch, was important for the older models, but they have lost their relevance with the latest ones.

The other major type of nebulizers is the ultrasonic nebulizer, which uses ultrasonic sound waves to create a fine mist containing medications. They do not use a compressor but a crystal, which produces a sound wave with enough energy to transform liquid medication into a fine mist that is perfect for easy inhalation. They are suitable for use at homes and are available in portable form for more convenient uses. However, they are not suitable for use with certain medications because of the high-frequency sound waves they use to convert any medication in liquid state into fine mist. This can lead to changes in the molecular structure of the drug that can render it useless or with a number of side effects.

These days the availability of portable nebulizers has made it possible for people suffering from chronic congestive respiratory syndromes to benefit from their use. These devices run on electricity and their form makes them perfect for tabletop use. Therefore, people in both household and hospital settings can benefit significantly from the use of nebulizers to ease their respiratory distresses.